Philips Electronics – Rapid Profit Increase
A Turnaround Case Study
This case study shows how a mature consumer products company unleashed millions of dollars in profits by properly aligning marketing with operations. The reader will see how poor product management decisions nearly destroyed a fast-growing product line and what a team did to achieve an amazing turnaround.
In the 1990s the large screen television segment of the consumer electronics industry was about eight years old and growing steadily.
The $2 billion U.S. consumer electronics headquarters of Dutch company Philips, the global conglomerate, had literally founded the mass market for large screen TV but the division had not turned a profit in 7 years, although annual sales exceeded $120 million.
Even though Industry CAGR was averaging about +7%, the division’s CAGR for the past 3 years was -12%. The division had experienced a quality crisis and retailers had started migrating to competing brands.
At that time there were about 20 companies offering large screen TVs and Philips’ share had eroded from more than 60% to less than 25%. The company began shifting resources to other opportunities and the CFO strongly recommended that the division be shut down.
A fairly new executive to the Philips team was assigned to come up with an exit strategy. However he discovered in less than four weeks that the root cause of the profit problems was slow factory throughput caused by an unnecessarily complex, difficult-to-build product line.
How corporate culture led to the problem
At the time Philips’ talented sales team was strong and had undue influence on product development.
Under sales’ direction the product line had expanded into a complex smorgasbord that attempted to address every major retailer’s desire for something unique. Differing brands, models and feature sets proliferated. Production runs became smaller and smaller. Changeover times increased. Parts commonalities diminished as the product and engineering teams became unable to keep up with a growing and ever-changing stream of product changes from sales.
As a result, factory throughput slowed to a crawl which, in turn, increased overhead burden. Quality plummeted, sales and margins shrank and the division’s morale hit bottom.
A new team tackles the problem
After analyzing the market’s growth trends and profitability, the newly appointed executive showed the CEO and CFO how the division could be made profitable. His next steps were simple:
- He created the company’s first business team (ever) and pulled together leaders from every functional area to scrutinize the problem from every angle of the business.
- He explained the imminent shut down of the division and presented a bold turnaround plan focusing on a complete overhaul of the product line.
With a view toward decreasing costs by increasing factory throughput, the turnaround plan centered upon all new approaches to product styling, parts commonalities, branding and merchandising. Bluntly asking for their support, he assured the demoralized team that if they agreed to this new product line and marketing plan, he would freeze the new product line for one year and not allow sales to make any changes of any nature.
What happened next
- The new business team became joined at the hip. The leaders from each functional division met weekly. In each meeting the team reviewed the financials first. The remainder of the meeting was devoted to the new product line development and understanding the financial implications of each decision impacting the new line.
- The new product line was created quickly, focusing on parts commonalities and differentiation that could be easily appreciated by consumers and retail buyers but did not require unusual changeover times in the factory.
- A new marketing plan was created focusing on national TV advertising, retailer merchandising and sales promotions.
- The turnaround leader hit the road with the top sales people and helped convince key retailers to give the new product line a try.
The turnaround took a year to execute and another year to demonstrate sales results.
At the end of Year 2 the new team turned in a $7 million operating profit for an overall improvement in IFO of $12 million. Sales were growing again, market share was up and of all the divisions in the $2 billion company, it was one of two that turned a profit that year. The team was treated like company heroes and the large screen TV division went on to become a significant strategic component of the parent company’s overall strategy.
- Overly complex product lines can easily destroy profitability
- Marketing must be strong enough to control product development
- Marketing and product management must serve as watchdogs on gross profit
- Hidden profits are there…you just need to find them